TMJ Treatment Townsville
Do you feel severe discomfort in your jaw? TMJ dysfunction in your jaw can have serious consequences if left untreated. Call our practice today on (07) 4755 2055 and book an initial consultation.
What is the TMJ?
TMJ stands for the Temperomandibular joint, more commonly referred to as the Jaw Joint. The mandible (lower jaw) has two temperomandibular joints, one on each side, that work together to move the jaw. Muscles and ligaments work together to make the jaw move, and a disc and joint capsule cushion the movements of the jaw against the bones of the skull. The position of the teeth of the upper and lower jaw can have an influence on, or be influenced by, the jaw joints.
What Can Go Wrong With The TMJ?
The TMJs and their muscles and their ligaments are subject to the same types of injury and pathology as any other joint in the body. The joints can be injured by trauma or overuse, become inflamed or degenerate, and be affected by systemic disease. These conditions can cause pain (in the joint, muscles or ligaments) or abnormal movements of the jaw.
A type of overuse injury that can occur in the TMJ is due to clenching and grinding of the teeth- a condition known as bruxism. This often occurs at night during sleep. A person with bruxism may experience pain (particularly in the joint or the muscles of the temples and face), unusual movements of the jaw (including cracking or creaking sounds), or may even be causing damage to their teeth. Teeth, fillings, crowns and veneers can be worn down, chipped or fractured as a result of bruxism.
If you are experiencing symptoms of TMJ dysfunction, or your teeth are showing signs of wear and tear, your dentist may recommend that you wear a custom-designed splint called an Occlusal Splint. The splint is designed to protect teeth, crowns and fillings from the damaging effects of bruxism, and may also reduce or remove the pain in the TMJs.